May 17, 2022

Germany Targets Google Market Power in Expansion of Tech Rules

Germany’s competition regulator is investigating whether Google is dominant enough to be subject to the country’s new digital-competition law, broadening its efforts to brandish new powers against companies including Amazon.com Inc. and Facebook Inc.

Germany’s Federal Cartel Office said Tuesday that it has opened a probe into whether Google, the main unit of Alphabet Inc., is of “paramount significance for competition across markets.” That designation allows the regulator to impose changes to a dominant digital company’s business practices under a law passed in January.

The investigation follows similar probes the Cartel Office has opened in recent months against Amazon and Facebook, seeking similar designations. Under the new law, German regulators can order companies it finds to be of paramount importance to cease certain practices deemed anticompetitive through a faster procedure than traditional competition enforcement.

Google “could be considered to be of paramount significance for competition across markets,” given the products it offers, said Andreas Mundt, the president of the Cartel Office. “It is often very difficult for other companies to challenge this position of power.”

“People choose Google because it’s helpful, not because they’re forced to, or because they can’t find alternatives,” a Google spokeswoman said, adding that the company will cooperate with the Cartel Office.

Amazon said it would cooperate with the Cartel Office, and pointed to its investments in Germany. Facebook declined to comment.

Germany’s push puts the country on the forefront of a new trend in efforts to curb the power of big tech giants. Pushed by competition specialists and activists, policy makers are increasingly seeking new laws that are aimed to ensure that new tech rivals can emerge to challenge bigger companies in the industry—rather than relying on traditional, lengthy competition investigations.

The European Union in December proposed a bill that could force digital platforms designated as gatekeepers to refrain from some potentially anticompetitive actions, such as promoting their own products over those of competitors. The U.K. plans legislation empowering a new digital-competition unit to enforce codes of conduct for companies that dominate strategic digital markets. China, too, has been using competition rules as part of its tech crackdown.

The new German law, passed in January, would likewise allow the country’s competition regulator to order companies it deems to be of paramount significance to stop certain activities, such as preferencing their own services or impeding the entry of competitors into a market through use of data.

In parallel with the investigation into Google’s market power, the Cartel Office said Tuesday that it has also opened an investigation into Google’s data processing terms, and whether consumers have “sufficient choice as to how Google will use their data.” A spokesman for the office said the second probe could use the designation from the first to impose remedies.

The Google spokeswoman said, “German consumers have enormous choice online and we give people simple controls to manage their information and limit the use of personal data.”

The Cartel Office says it also has previous competition probes open into Amazon, including whether it is influencing the prices of third-party sellers on its platform using algorithms. The Cartel Office said last week that if it finds the new law applies to Amazon, it could potentially use it to impose remedies on the company. Amazon declined to comment on the specifics of the investigations.

When it comes to Facebook, the regulator said in January that it will investigate whether it can use the new powers to impose remedies in an investigation it had opened in December. That investigation involves what the Cartel Office described as linkage between Facebook’s Oculus virtual-reality products and its social media platform.

Write to Sam Schechner at [email protected]

Copyright ©2020 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8

in Tech
Related Posts

Supreme Court Draws Limit to Anti-Hacking Law

June 4, 2021

June 4, 2021

WASHINGTON—The Supreme Court Thursday narrowed the scope of a federal anti-hacking law, ruling that it doesn’t cover individuals who use...

Didi Stock Rises on First Day, Notching Market Value Near $80 Billion

June 30, 2021

June 30, 2021

Didi Global Inc.’s stock jumped on the first day of trading after its IPO, as investors gobbled up shares of...

U.S. Seizes Internet Domains Tied to Iran’s Government

June 22, 2021

June 22, 2021

The Iranian government-run website presstv.com was seized by U.S. authorities on Tuesday. Tehran has condemned previous U.S. seizures of websites...

FBI Director Compares Ransomware Challenge to 9/11

June 4, 2021

June 4, 2021

FBI Director Christopher Wray said the agency was investigating about 100 different types of ransomware, many of which trace back...

Chip Shortage Brings Frustration but More Business to Industry’s Middlemen

June 13, 2021

June 13, 2021

TAIPEI—When buyers need chips in a pinch, they turn to Erik Drown, a middleman who is able to source scarce...

Former WeWork Chief’s Gargantuan Exit Package Gets New Sweetener

May 27, 2021

May 27, 2021

Nearly two years ago, SoftBank Group Corp. 9984 -2.20% sought to part ways with WeWork co-founder Adam Neumann when it...

Irish Healthcare System Struggles With Tech Disruptions After May Ransomware Attack

June 18, 2021

June 18, 2021

Ireland’s healthcare service is still slowly restoring its technology systems five weeks after suffering a ransomware attack, highlighting the painful...

Colonial Pipeline Chief to Testify in Senate Panel on Ransomware Hack

June 8, 2021

June 8, 2021

WASHINGTON—The chief executive of the pipeline company hit in a multimillion-dollar ransomware attack last month is expected to testify Tuesday...

Short-Staffed Restaurants Prop Up Table Service With Technology

June 30, 2021

June 30, 2021

Casual-dining chains are leaning on technology to make the sit-down restaurant experience more automated for guests and more streamlined for...

To Offset Climate Change, Scientists Tout City Trees and Ultra-White Paint

June 4, 2021

June 4, 2021

The Future of Everything covers the innovation and technology transforming the way we live, work and play, with monthly issues...

10 Expert Ways to Get More Instagram Followers: A Summer Experiment

June 2, 2021

June 2, 2021

WHY WOULD ANYONEwant more Instagram followers?” sighed a friend two summers ago. “Mine just plague me with emojis in the...

Apple’s Fight for Control Over Apps Moves to Congress and EU

June 23, 2021

June 23, 2021

Apple Inc. is stepping up its fight to maintain tight controls over which apps can be installed onto customers’ iPhones,...

Apple Struggles in Push to Make Healthcare Its Greatest Legacy

June 16, 2021

June 16, 2021

Apple Inc. AAPL -0.64% Chief Executive Tim Cook has said the company’s greatest contribution to mankind will be in health....

Palantir and DoorDash CEOs Top List of Biggest Pay Packages in 2020

June 3, 2021

June 3, 2021

Palantir Technologies Inc. PLTR 6.03% and DoorDash Inc. DASH 0.38% gave their longtime chief executives special stock awards worth hundreds...

Google Should Be Treated as Utility, Ohio Argues in New Lawsuit

June 8, 2021

June 8, 2021

Google’s critics have said for years that it should be treated like a public utility. On Tuesday, Ohio’s attorney general...